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Modeling Optical Spectra of Large Organic Systems Using Real-Time Propagation of Semiempirical Effective Hamiltonians

Ghosh, S.; Andersen, A.; Gagliardi, L.; Cramer, C. J.; Govind, N.
J. Chem. Theor. Comput. 2017, 13, 4410 (doi:10.1021/acs.jctc.7b00618)

We present an implementation of a time-dependent semiempirical method (INDO/S) in NWChem using real-time (RT) propagation to address, in principle, the entire spectrum of valence electronic excitations. Adopting this model, we study the UV/Vis spectra of medium-sized systems like P3B2, f-coronene, and in addition much larger systems like ubiquitin in the gas phase and the betanin chromophore in the presence of two explicit solvents (water and methanol). RT-INDO/S provides qualitatively and often quantitatively accurate results when compared with RT- TDDFT or experimental spectra. Even though we only consider the INDO/S Hamiltonian in this paper, our implementation provides a framework for performing electron dynamics in large systems using semiempirical Hartree-Fock (HF) Hamiltonians in general.