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Conformational Analysis of Cellobiose by Electronic Structure Theories

French, A. D.; Johnson, G. P.; Cramer, C. J.; Csonka, G. I.
Carbohydr. Res. 2012, 350, 68 (doi:10.1016/j.carres.2011.12.023).

Adiabatic φ/ψ maps for cellobiose were prepared with B3LYP density functional theory. A mixed basis set was used for minimization, followed with 6-31+G(d) single-point calculations, with and without SMD continuum solvation. Different arrangements of the exocyclic groups (38 starting geometries) were considered for each φ/ψ point. The vacuum calculations agreed with earlier computational and experimental results on the preferred gas phase conformation (anti-φH, syn-ψH), and the results from the solvated calculations were consistent with the (syn φHH) conformations from condensed phases (crystals or solutions). Results from related studies were compared, and there is substantial dependence on the solvation model as well as arrangements of exocyclic groups. New stabilizing interactions were revealed by Atoms-In-Molecules theory.