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Extension of a Temperature-dependent Aqueous Solvation Model to Compounds Containing Nitrogen, Fluorine, Chlorine, Bromine, and Sulfur

Chamberlin, A. C.; Cramer, C. J.; Truhlar, D. G.
J. Phys. Chem. B 2008, 112, 3024.

Most methods for predicting free energies of solvation have been developed or validated exclusively for room temperature. Recently we developed a model called SM6T for predicting aqueous solvation free energies as a function of temperature for solutes composed of C, H, and/or O, and here we present Solvation Model 8 with temperature dependence (SM8T) for predicting the temperature dependence of aqueous free energies of solvation for compounds containing H, C, N, O, F, S, Cl, and/or Br in the range 273 to 373 K. We also describe the database of experimental aqueous free energies of solvation used to parameterize the model. SM8T partitions the temperature dependence of the free energy of solvation into two components: the temperature dependence of the bulk electrostatic contribution to the free energy of solvation, which is computed using the generalized Born equation, and the temperature dependence of first solvation shell effects, which is modeled by terms proportional to the solvent exposed surface areas of atoms in functional groups determined entirely by geometry. SM8T predicts the temperature dependence of aqueous free energies of solvation with a mean unsigned error of 0.08 kcal/mol over a database of 4403 measurements on 348 compounds at various temperatures.

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