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Characterization of a 1:1 Cu/O2 Adduct Supported by an Anilido-Imine Ligand

Reynolds, A. M.; Gherman, B. F.; Cramer, C. J.; Tolman, W. B.
Inorg. Chem. 2005, 40, 6989.

Copper(I) complexes of sterically hindered anilido-imine ligands ortho-C6H4{N(C6H3iPr2)}{C(R)=NC6H3iPr2}- (L1, R = H; L2, R = CH3) have been prepared and characterized by spectroscopic and X-ray crystallographic methods. These complexes are highly reactive with O2, and in the case of L2 the product of low-temperature oxygenation was fully characterized by spectroscopic, X-ray crystallographic, and computational methods. The resonance Raman spectrum features an isotope-sensitive vibration at 974 cm-1 (D18O= 66 cm-1), consistent with assignment as an O-O stretch. Despite the asymmetric coordination environment provided by the supporting anilido-imine ligand, the X-ray crystal structure confirms rather symmetric side-on binding of the O2 moiety to the copper center, and the O-O bond length of 1.392(2) ang indicates that this intermediate has significant Cu(III)-peroxo character. Theoretical calculations support this interpretation and predict that while a fully optimized end-on singlet geometry can be obtained, it is higher in energy than the side-on isomer by 3.5 kcal mol-1 at the CASPT2/TZP level.

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