Implicit Solvation Models: Equilibria, Structure, Spectra, and Dynamics
Cramer, C. J.; Truhlar, D. G.
Chem. Rev. 1999, 99, 2161.
The present review article is concerned with continuum and other implicit models of solvation effects. We will concentrate on the elements required to make such models successful and on the factors that limit their accuracy. We will discuss explicit solvent models only to the extent that they provide a complementary picture or a context, since physical models of solvation, e.g., nonequilibrium solvent coordinates, can often be achieved using either a continuum treatment of solvent or one that recognizes individual solvent molecules.
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